Piriformis Syndrome

 Hip Pain with Radiating Pain

Do you or a family member have pain in your bottom that shoots down your leg? Do you have pain down your leg after sitting for long periods of time? That pain pattern is similar to that of piriformis syndrome. Look below for some things to consider!

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Anatomy

        Image via Complete Anatomy 2018 by 3D4 Medical

      Image via Complete Anatomy 2018 by 3D4 Medical

Common Movement Fault

 A common movement pattern seen in patients that suffer from piriformis syndrome is adduction and internal rotation of the femur. This movement can occur many times through the day going down stairs, squatting, sitting cross legged, or even sleeping on your side and allowing your knee to fall to the bed without putting a pillow between your legs. It is always important to watch how people move! ( Click image to watch 1-2 minute video )

A common movement pattern seen in patients that suffer from piriformis syndrome is adduction and internal rotation of the femur. This movement can occur many times through the day going down stairs, squatting, sitting cross legged, or even sleeping on your side and allowing your knee to fall to the bed without putting a pillow between your legs. It is always important to watch how people move! (Click image to watch 1-2 minute video)

Special Tests

A good clinical test to consider when evaluating someone you suspect has piriformis syndrome is the FAIR test. Which is used to rule in/rule out piriformis syndrome by putting the piriformis on stretch. The straight leg raises test can also be useful to determine if there is any neural involvement contributing to the lower extremity pain. (Click image to watch 1-2 minute video. LEFT | RIGHT)

Treatment

Piriformis syndrome can be caused by the sciatic nerve getting entrapped in the piriformis muscle. It is important to work on the entrapment site and then follow up with nerve glides to increase neural mobility. (Click image to watch 1-2 minute video. LEFT | RIGHT)

Therapeutic Exercise

 Therapeutic exercises chosen should always closely match treatment given in clinic. It is also important to correct the movement fault to prevent future irritation of the tissue source! This video shows the therapist correcting the patients squatting form. ( Click image to watch 1-2 minute video )

Therapeutic exercises chosen should always closely match treatment given in clinic. It is also important to correct the movement fault to prevent future irritation of the tissue source! This video shows the therapist correcting the patients squatting form. (Click image to watch 1-2 minute video)